Overseas junket by South Australia’s Nuclear Fuel Chain Royal Commission

scrutiny-Royal-Commission CHAINThe Royal Commission departed Australia on Monday 25 May 2015 and commenced their series of international meetings and site visits.

TAIWAN – TUESDAY 26 MAY

Taiwan Power Company (Taipower) company visit

  • Explanation of Taiwan’s present and future energy demands and fuel supply mix, and the present status of nuclear energy supply and storage of waste.

Atomic Energy Council (AEC)

  • Explanation of regulatory framework in Taiwan for nuclear energy generation (including safety responses following the Fukushima Daiichi plant accident) and the storage of waste.

JAPAN – WEDNESDAY 27 MAY

Meeting with representatives from Japan’s Nuclear Regulation Authority. (NRA)

  • Explanation of the new regulatory framework following the Fukushima Daiichi plant accident, regulatory process for restart of nuclear reactors and communication of that process.

Meeting with representatives from the Japan Atomic Industrial Forum Inc. (JAIF)

  • Explanation of the role of JAIF, historical and current circumstances of nuclear activities in Japan and recent decisions by Japanese government concerning fuel cycle activities.

Meet with representatives from the Citizens’ Nuclear Information Center. (CNIC)

  • Explanation of the formation and role of CNIC, the policy of CNIC regarding the nuclear restart, reprocessing and storage of waste, and health issues arising from the Fukushima Daiichi plant accident.

Meeting with Tokyo Electric Power Company, Incorporated (TEPCO) representatives

  • Explanation of the changes implemented at TEPCO following the accident at its Fukushima Daiichi plant and the compensation program, and discussion of de-commissioning actions and progress.

Site tour Hitachi – GE Nuclear Energy Rinkai Works for Advanced Boiling Water Reactor equipment

  • Explanation of Hitachi’s activities as a power systems company and the types of plant and components it manufactures for nuclear power plants (including Advanced Boiling Water Reactors – ABWR) and nuclear fuel cycles activities.
  • Workshop tour of Rinkai’s Heavy Component Manufacturing Shop where components for nuclear reactors and storage are manufactured.

Meeting at Australian Embassy

  • Explanation of the current status of the Japanese energy market and policy.

JAPAN – THURSDAY 28 MAY

Site visits to Oarai and Tokai (below) Research & Development Centers with members of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)

  • Explanation of JAEA’s functions and technological development of fast reactors and safety technologies.
  • Tour and explanation of Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR).
  • Tour and explanation of Helium Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (HTTR) and associated hydrogen production plant.
  • Tour and explanation of the Nuclear Science Research Institute and its Nuclear Human Resource Development training centre.

JAPAN – FRIDAY 29 MAY

Site visit to the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power station and surrounding exclusion zone

Meeting with Nuclear Free Mayor (former Mayor of Tokai Village)

  • Discussion concerning a previous nuclear accident in the Tokai prefecture.

Meeting with Ministry for Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan

  • Explanation addressing current status of the Japanese energy market, government policy for current and future energy generation, effects of closure on Japanese economy and electricity market and issues relating to the export of nuclear energy technologies.

Meeting with Japan Nuclear Safety Institute (JANSI), Japan

  • Explanation of the formation and role of JANSI, how it recommends safety improvement measures for plant operators, and its peer review operations at nuclear facilities.

Meeting with Citizen’s Commission on Nuclear Energy (CCNE), Japan

  • Discussion of safety issues arising from the operation of nuclear reactors, the ability to manage safety risks and recommendations of the Diet Commission report into the Fukushima Daiichi plant accident.

Meeting concerning current non-proliferation and security issues in Japan and internationally

Meeting concerning Diet Commission report into accident at Fukushima Daiichi plant and implementation of recommendations

FINLAND – MONDAY 1 JUNE

  • Visit to Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant.
  • Visit to Olkiluoto 3 Project – explanation of process for establishment and design of Olkiluoto 3 nuclear reactor project and tour of site. Tour of Olkiluoto intermediate and low level disposal facility (VLJ facility).
  • Bus tour of ONKALO spent nuclear fuel repository construction site. Visit the “Electricity from Uranium” scientific exhibition.

FINLAND – TUESDAY 2 JUNE  

  • Meeting with the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland
  • Discussion concerning Finnish energy policy generally; historical, current and future role of nuclear energy in Finland; current waste policy and funding model; Finland’s regulatory framework and decision making processes for nuclear facilities including role of parliament, government and local communities.
  • Meeting with FinNuclear ry, Finland
  • Discussion of role and expertise of private entities in operation, maintenance, design and management of nuclear facilities in Finland and internationally.
  • Meeting with STUK (Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority), Finland
  • Discussion of role of STUK (Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority) and its areas of responsibility, the regulatory framework applying under Finnish law and examples of application of that framework to approval of waste storage facilities and nuclear energy plants in Finland, and the public communication of its activities.

AUSTRIA – WEDNESDAY 3 JUNE  

  • Meetings with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna.
  • Discussion of role of IAEA and assistance and activities it performs including requested advisory missions and peer reviews; Explanation of key IAEA branch areas; Discussion of key nuclear security framework documents for all aspects of the fuel cycle and current issues being addressed by IAEA in nuclear security; Discussion of physical protection requirements and guidelines; Discussion of approaches to waste management and key guideline materials and tools for analysis of fuel cycle activities; Safety in transportation of nuclear materials and key materials and guidelines; Implications for safety and analysis following Fukushima Daiichi accident.
  • Meeting with United Nations Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), Vienna.
  • Discussion of role of UNSCEAR, key information and findings of UNSCEAR concerning radiation safety, sources, exposures and risks, explanation of key findings of UNSCEAR report (2013) on radiation exposures from Fukushima Daiichi accident.

FRANCE – THURSDAY 4 JUNE  

  • Visit to AREVA Tricastin, France.
  • Explanation of AREVA’s conversion plant and the development of the project; Tour of conversion plant construction site; Explanation of AREVA’s Georges Besse II operating enrichment plant; Tour of GB II enrichment plant facilities.
  • Visit to AREVA Melox, France.
  • Explanation of AREVA’s operating mixed oxide fuel fabrication plant and the use of mixed oxide fuels; Tour of mixed oxide fuel fabrication facilities.

FRANCE – FRIDAY 5 JUNE  

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